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Humane aspects of wild animals trapping


Introduction. Do wild animals have legal rights? Provisions concerning trapping in International and European Union (EU) legislation. International Humane Trapping Standards – do they establish "humane" capture of wild animals in reality? History of conclusion circumstances. Wild animal "welfare "provided by International Trapping Standards. Implementation of the International Humane Trapping Standards in European Union (EU). Conclusions.


Traps - mechanical capturing means, which are created to kill or restrain wild animals.
Trapping - one of the first hunting methods. It is still widely used at present and justified at some exceptional circumstances like public health and safety or conservation of some species. Most often animals are trapped for their fur, skin or meat and it is widely criticized about its inhumanity, because usually it causes great suffering to animals. It raises a lot of issues: do animals have rights and do there are enough effective international legal instruments protecting them?
This is a complicated dilemma, because it is a confrontation of two very different parties, with its own attitudes and opinions. These are; (1) major industrial bodies in which activity trapping of animals is essential, (2) animal rights activists. Usually the first party is much more powerful than later, because its activity is closely related with high income, for instance fur trade, so it is obvious that its representatives are more interested in economical benefit and not in animal welfare. The number of persons who care about animal rights is much smaller, so it is very difficult for them to prove their truth.
In European Union (EU) animal welfare is now at the global attention. Recently conducted researches in EU about animal protection show that most European citizens are concerned to enhance animal welfare and human treatment. Also European Commission ( EC ) has presented the Animal Welfare Action Plan, witch purpose is to improve and to establish minimum standards for animal welfare in EU and international level in the next five years. Unfortunately, this plan does not include wild animals.
"Welfare ", "humane ", are high sounding definitions, but they are very abstract and can be understood and interpreted in various and very different ways. Some people define animal welfare in a very low level, while others in much higher. There are some who feel that the word "humane "cannot even be associated with trapping. All these different views about this issue complicate legal discussions so parties can not easy reach consensus.
Unfortunately, there isn’t much hope that animal rights protection will expand to the degree they are suppose to be soon. In this paper it will not be discussed high standards of animal protection, but it will be limited to the minimum protection of wild animals, which they certainly deserve as live beings.
At international level we can find some legal provisions concerning welfare of wild animals trapping. Most of them are conventions dealing with endangered species, so they primarily focusing on conservation of endangered wild animal species, but not on animal welfare. This should also fall within conservation field. Just in this decade were made efforts to improve wild animals’ welfare legally. As a result were signed two new agreements, exclusively concerning trapped wild animals welfare.
Their real impact and effectiveness in practice will be discussed in this paper. ...

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Tinklalapyje paskelbta2006-05-19
DalykasTeisės kursinis darbas
TipasKursiniai darbai
Apimtis13 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai28
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Metai2006 m
Mokytojas/DėstytojasProf. An Cliquet
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Humane aspects of wild animals trapping [speros.lt].doc

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