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Criminal law


Teisės darbas anglų kalba. Summary. Introduction. Criminal law. Crimes and criminal liability. Classifications of crimes. The elements of a crime. Protecting the rights of the accused. About punishments. Teenagers criminals. How to protect from burglars. Active vocabulary. Enclosures.


A crime is a public wrong, a breach of a duty to society. A breach of duty is not a crime unless it is so defined by statute.
Crimes are commonly classified as felonies (more serious crimes) and misdemeanors (less serious crimes). Felonies are acts punishable either by more than 1 year in prison or by death. Misdemeanors are usually acts punishable by less than a year in prison.
All crimes require conduct – an act or omission – and intent. Criminal law seeks to punish the criminal while dettering other people from committing crimes.
The police have many functions in the legal process. They are mainly concerned with criminal law.
The punishments for crimes are controled by laws. Criminals can’t avoid a punishment. Ways of punishment are fines, imprisonment, community service (in some countries). The length of sentences varies from a few days to a lifetime. Punishment must be public, light, just and lawful. The ultimate penalty is capital punishment. It is carried out by hanging, electrocution , gassing on lethal injection, beheading or stoning, shooting. Most countries still have a death penalty, but almost half the countries didn’t use it anymore. But not China.
In Lithuania the last death penalty was carried out in 1995 Jule 12. The death penalty has been abolished in 1998 in our country.
In Lithuania one prisoner costs 20 Lt per day in Lukiskes prison. About 14 000 people are imprisoned in Lithuania’s jails. So we are bowing some Europe countries, Russia, Ukraine.
Now teenagers commit more crimes than adult ones. Last year teenagers committed about 535 crimes. Biggest part of crimes were committed by teenagers aged from 13 to 19.
The process of creating law is unique and requires both knowledge of history and experience. The mess of court decisions was the source for new institution – supreme court to be installed. The memory of historical codes such as Code Napoleon and Roman law lies as a basis for modern law. The basis of modern law is a shadow of history with particular interpretation. ...

Rašto darbo duomenys
Tinklalapyje paskelbta2005-11-22
DalykasTeisės referatas
Apimtis17 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai6
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis23.61 KB
Viso autoriaus darbų2 darbai
Metai2005 m
Švietimo institucijaKauno kolegija
FakultetasEkonomikos ir teisės fakultetas
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Criminal law [speros.lt].doc

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  • Referatai
  • 17 puslapių 
  • Kauno kolegija / 2 Klasė/kursas
  • 2005 m
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